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SDG 13

Issues and Reports

  • The question of climate vulnerability in lower-income countries

  • The question of  Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technologies as a means to mitigate climate change

  • The question of the jurisdiction of non-state actors regarding climate change

Guest Speaker

Mr. Lee Jaekwon

Ministry of Environment Korea


Mr. Lee Jae Kwon is a dedicated individual who has been working at the Ministry of Environment of Korea for several years. With a strong passion for environmental cooperation and the protection of environmental rights, Mr. Lee plays a crucial role in advocating for basic human rights, particularly the right to live in a healthy and comfortable environment.


Mr. Lee's journey to his current position began during his college years when he had a profound experience during a trip to Uganda. Witnessing a young girl urinating on the street in the presence of her mother deeply affected Mr. Lee and sparked a keen interest in basic human rights, including environmental rights. This experience motivated him to pursue a master's degree in international relations, with a specific focus on international cooperation.


After completing his studies, Mr. Lee's determination to make a tangible difference in the field led him to actively engage in environmental and corporate rights issues for over a decade. Throughout his career, Mr. Lee has consistently aligned his work with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), particularly goals related to good health and well-being, water and sanitation, and climate change actions.


Mr. Lee firmly believes in the importance of sharing knowledge and experiences to overcome rapid systemic changes. Drawing from Korea's own rapid economic growth and subsequent environmental challenges, he emphasizes the need to share valuable insights and practices with other countries. By working together and embracing shared responsibility, Mr. Lee envisions a more sustainable and humane future for all.

Chair Mentor

Mr. Christie

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During my mentor interview as the sole internal chair in SDG 13, I had the opportunity to engage with Mr. Christie, our committee mentor, who is an IBDP Biology and ESS teacher and brings with him 3-4 years of experience as an MUN Director. Our discussion encompassed his perspectives on the topics of SDG 13 and guidance for chairing and leading the debate.


Mr. Christie expressed a particular interest in the subjects of energetics and renewable resources in the context of our upcoming conference. He notably favored the topic of "The question of Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technologies as a means to mitigate climate change," emphasizing that "if it works it's a good thing." He highlighted the potential of its functional use and explained the disparity between capturing and storing carbon and their productive applications.


Furthermore, Mr. Christie showed interest in the theme of the upcoming conference, praising the idea of students embodying countries to address contemporary issues. In line with this, he used an example of Vietnam's need to not only reduce carbon emissions but also educate the populace about the negative implications of burning plastics, which can conflict with the interests of certain stakeholders. He emphasized the blend of diplomacy and policy essential to breaking down the conference's main theme.


Concluding our conversation, I sought Mr. Christie's advice on effectively leading a council as a chair. He imparted invaluable insights, including the use of analogies to form personal connections with delegates. I recognized the significance of creating a friendly yet professional environment for delegates to express their ideas, which, in my view, is pivotal to progressing a debate that yields meaningful results. Additionally, Mr. Christie provided the chair team with valuable counsel on research and constructing their chair reports, such as the responsible use of OpenAI.

Chair Mentor

Ms. Jaimeson

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During my interview with Ms. Jaimeson, our committee mentor, as the sole internal chair in SDG 13, I had the opportunity to gain insights into her perspectives on the topics of SDG 13 and guidance for chairing and leading the debate. Ms. Jaimeson is a middle school science teacher and maternity leave cover, bringing with her years of experience as an MUN coach for ISB.


Ms. Jaimeson proposed intriguing ideas about incorporating elementary schoolers into MUN, such as involving 5th graders as admins or "note passers" to instill a sense of responsibility and involvement in the conference.


When asked about her response to the conference theme, Ms. Jaimeson opined that "there is rapid societal change, especially with social media and the internet - Gen Alpha coming into the times is especially crazy." With numerous new stakeholders emerging during a time of critical climate change, the need for diplomacy is more crucial than ever. Regarding our council topics, Ms. Jaimeson expressed her interest for "the question of climate vulnerability in lower-income countries" as she had been reading about the inherent racism in climate change. The topic reminded her of the book she was reading called "Climate Change is Racist," which delves into how climate change disproportionately affects minorities more than Western countries. For instance, air pollution would have more adverse effects on impoverished countries and those with more racial minorities. Air pollution within those countries would also be due to the Western countries that exploit those regions. Thus, the effects of climate change and its causes can be inherently racist.


Finally, as some aspects of teaching translate to chairing, I sought Ms. Jaimeson's advice on leading the council as a chair. I was impressed by her use of unconventional tactile learning as she believes students retain knowledge better that way. To enhance my chairing and presence in the council, Ms. Jaimeson suggested fun icebreakers and personal introductions to create a friendlier atmosphere. She taught me that to maintain a proper flow of debate, all delegates must feel comfortable first.

Head Chair

Minh Hoang

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Honorable directors, distinguished delegates, and fellow chairs,


Greetings, my name is Minh Hoang. I am currently a junior in the United Nations International School of Hanoi. I will be serving as the Head chair for SDG 13 in the upcoming UNISMUN March conference. This conference marks my second year in the MUN community and my second year as a chair for UNIS MUN.


This year's conference theme, "How can we use multilateral diplomacy to surmount the challenges of rapid societal change?" is poised to stimulate critical thinking among delegates to focus on addressing pressing global issues such as human rights, disease control, humanitarian assistance, labor rights, trade, and environmental concerns. Our council will debate upon the urgent need to combat climate change and its impacts.


Our committee will delve into three vital topics. Firstly, "Climate Vulnerability in Lower-Income Countries" will prompt discussions among delegates on the responsibility of developed nations to fulfill their climate change commitments and support risk mitigation programs for climate justice. Secondly, "The question of Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technologies" will require a balanced consideration of the economic and environmental implications of CCS from delegates. Lastly, "The question of the jurisdiction of non-state actors regarding climate change" where delegates will explore the legal obligations of non-state actors in causing and mitigating climate change.


I am most grateful for the opportunity to be chairing the upcoming March 2023 UNISMUN conference. I look forward to engaging debates and discussions from all delegates at the next conference with the goal of favorable resolutions!

Deputy Chair

Yiming (Eric) Chen


Honorable directors, esteemed delegates, and fellow chairs.


My name is Eric, and I am an eighth grader in Shanghai American School Puxi. This is my fifth conference, and my first as a chair. It is my honor to be a part of the March 2024 UNISMUN conference as the deputy chair for SDG 13.


The theme of this conference is: “How can we use multilateral diplomacy to surmount the challenges of rapid societal change?’’ As our society is changing, growing, and developing, it is inevitable for industrialization to perpetuate, as well as its consequences such as rapid climate change. It is no individual country’s responsibility to surmount this challenge, rather it’s about international cooperation and its multilateral diplomacy. Climate change is just one of many challenges that lie within society, up for debate. Nonetheless, I am confident that if there were to be success in international dialogue for solvency, there is no insurmountable challenge.


Our committee, Sustainable Development Goal 13 (SDG13), advocates for environmental protection as well as country protection from climate-related risks. In this specific conference, we will be engaging in three topics. The first will be on “the question of climate vulnerability in lower-income countries”. This will require delegates to find and debate solutions to protect lower-income countries from climate-related dangers. The second topic will be on “the question of Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technologies as a means to mitigate climate change”. This will require delegates to weigh costs and benefits in the CCS to finally vote on the usage of such technology to mitigate climate change. Lastly, “the question of the jurisdiction of non-state actors regarding climate change” will require delegates to analyze the potential impact non-state actors such as NGOs can have on the topic of climate change, whether it is a positive or negative impact.


Now delegates, if there are any questions at all about the committee topics, procedures of MUN, or UNISMUN exclusive procedures, please do not hesitate to ask any of your chairs. Looking forward to seeing you all! 

Procedural Chair

Jina Song

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Dear Chairs, distinguished delegates, and esteemed guests,

My name is Jina, and I am a freshman at Seoul Foreign School. I am honored to serve as your procedural chair for UNISMUN 2024, and I hope to create a welcoming, enjoyable, and meaningful conference session for all participants. Currently residing in South Korea, I have previously lived in the Netherlands and the United States. This conference is my second MUN experience and first as a chair.

Our conference theme, "How can we use multilateral diplomacy to surmount the challenges of rapid societal changes?" holds particular relevance today. In a world surrounded by countless military, economic, and environmental crises, international efforts are crucial for peacefully and effectively resolving conflicts. As a UNISMUN participant, I encourage each delegate to contribute solutions and ideas to address the pressing issue of climate change.

The focus of our committee, Sustainable Development Goal 13 (SDG 13), advocates for urgent actions to mitigate environmental harm and offers critical evaluations, guidelines, and multilateral agreements for a healthier future. Supporting climate-vulnerable nations and ensuring human and natural stability are the major steps taken by SDG 13.

In this committee, our first topic will center on "climate vulnerability in lower-income countries," addressing the economic and humanitarian risks associated with changing climates. The second topic delves into "Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technologies as a means to mitigate climate change." Ethical considerations in using such technologies are imperative for a fair and safe international future. Lastly, SDG 13 will explore the "jurisdiction of non-state actors regarding climate change". This issue will focus on the pivotal role of NGOs and other individuals in strengthening global climate change action worldwide.

I look forward to meeting everyone on our committee, and please feel free to reach out if you have any questions or need assistance!

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